The Research Program

Research Publications

The Canadian Northern Corridor Research Program includes multiple studies, across several areas of expertise, to address the many facets of the corridor concept including financial, legal, geographical, socio-economic, environmental, regulatory, governance and policy dimensions. The purpose is to provide the information and analysis necessary to establish the feasibility of the Canadian Northern Corridor.

Research Areas


Recent Publications

An Overview of Major Engineering Challenges for Developing Transportation Infrastructure in Northern Canada Geography and Engineering

An Overview of Major Engineering Challenges for Developing Transportation Infrastructure in Northern Canada

Eva Stephani, Julie Malenfant Lepage and Guy Doré

The School of Public Policy Publications

Volume 15 • Issue 14 • May 2022

 

The proposed corridor crosses extensive areas of permafrost, including sporadic to continuous permafrost distribution. It also travels through areas that are not perennially frozen, but that are exposed to seasonal freeze-thaw cycles and to other cold-region processes that can become geohazards for infrastructure. This overview paper focuses mainly on permafrost-related issues because of the significant challenges and important knowledge gaps in permafrost.

Reducing Transaction Costs on Infrastructure Corridor Projects in Canada Funding and Financing

Reducing Transaction Costs on Infrastructure Corridor Projects in Canada

André Le Dressay, Jason Calla and Jason Reeves

The School of Public Policy Publications

Volume 15 • Issue 11 • March 2022

 

This paper uses a comparative systems analysis to identify specific transaction costs in four areas — historic, infrastructure development process, fiscal and economic systems. We argue these transaction costs can be significantly reduced by systematically implementing Indigenous fiscal, infrastructure and lands jurisdictions because this will permanently ensure that Indigenous communities and people are able to receive similar fiscal and economic benefits generated from infrastructure corridor projects as those enjoyed by other Canadians and other governments.

 

An Overview and Assessment of Key Constitutional Issues Relevant to the Canadian Northern Corridor Legal and Regulatory

An Overview and Assessment of Key Constitutional Issues Relevant to the Canadian Northern Corridor

Dwight Newman

The School of Public Policy Publications
Volume 15 • Issue 9 • March 2022

This report considers, at a high level, some of the key constitutional considerations associated with the development of the Northern Corridor. It considers both the ways in which the Canadian Constitution may facilitate such a development and ways in which it may offer barriers to such a project.

Key Messages (English)

Summary (English)

 

Global Rare Earth Elements Market Strategic and Trade Dimensions

Global Rare Earth Elements Market

Alaz Munzur

The School of Public Policy Publications
Infrastructure Policy TrendsMarch 2022

The use of REEs (rare earth elements) has become fundamental to many high-technology end-use applications including the electronics and transportation sectors, but manufacturers may face significant challenges to procuring sufficient REE supplies due to supply-chain disruptions and long project lead times for new mines. A strong policy agenda is needed if Canada is to position itself as the “global supplier of choice” for these minerals.

Canadian Arctic Marine Transportation Issues, Opportunities and Challenges Geography and Engineering

Canadian Arctic Marine Transportation Issues, Opportunities and Challenges

Frédéric Lasserre

The School of Public Policy Publications
Volume 15 • Issue 6 • February 2022

This paper examines some of the trends shaping the shipping industry in Canada’s Arctic, and what these changes might mean for the construction of a Canadian Northern Corridor. To what extent could expanded shipping in the Canadian arctic be supported by a corridor, and what are some of the economic trends from a commercial perspective? Given the remote and extreme conditions, what are some of the most realistic scenarios for economic, industrial and other drivers for northern marine development in Canada?

Key Messages (English)

Summary (English)

Messages clés (Français)

Résumé (Français)

 

Corridor nordique canadien: Aperçu des recherches récentes

Corridor nordique canadien: Aperçu des recherches récentes

Ce document résume les documents d’orientation achevés dans le cadre du programme, jusqu'au septembre 2021. Le document comprend les messages clés de nos publications et vise à mettre rapidement les décideurs, les parties prenantes et les autres parties intéressées au courant des travaux du programme de recherche.

Téléchargez l'aperçu complet (Français)

Canadian Northern Corridor: Recent Research Overview

Canadian Northern Corridor: Recent Research Overview

This document summarizes the Canadian Northern Corridor's completed research through September 2021. It includes Key Messages from the Program's School of Public Policy publications and aims to give policy makers, stakeholders, and other interested parties a comprehensive overview of the work accomplished by CNC researchers through the first full year of the CNC Research Program.

Download Full Overview (English)

 

Existing and Pending Infrastructure Projects: Potential Compatibility with the Canadian Northern Corridor Organization and Governance

Existing and Pending Infrastructure Projects: Potential Compatibility with the Canadian Northern Corridor

Alaz Munzur

The School of Public Policy Publications
Volume 15 • Issue 5 • January 2022

Rigorous planning of a multi-modal corridor at a national scale involves identifying current and future infrastructure needs and determining opportunities for co-location of linear infrastructure. Ensuring compatibility of such a major and complex infrastructure expansion with existing and planned projects is necessary to avoid potential redundancies, minimize environmental impact, optimize resource allocation and enable long-term, sustainable economic growth. For this purpose, this paper reviews linear infrastructure projects in Canada's North and near-North that could potentially constitute a segment of the Canadian Northern Corridor (CNC).

Key Messages (English)

Summary (English)

Messages clés (Français)

Résumé (Français)

 

Critical Mineral Mining in Canada Strategic and Trade Dimensions

Critical Mineral Mining in Canada

Alaz Munzur

The School of Public Policy Publications
Infrastructure Policy TrendsDecember 2021

Critical minerals mining can help drive clean technology development, accelerate Canada's clean energy transition and industrial transformation.

Nordicity and its Relevance for Northern Canadian Infrastructure Development Geography and Engineering

Nordicity and its Relevance for Northern Canadian Infrastructure Development

Katharina Koch

Polar Geography
Ahead-of-print • October 2021

Canada’s northern regions have unique geospatial characteristics which are based on differences in biodiversity, climate, ecosystems and socio-economic conditions. Together, these distinct conditions challenge the prevailing “one-size fits all” northern infrastructure development approach which is often based on southern conceptions of the North. This paper, published in Polar Geography, examines the need to capture Canada’s northern complexity in order to support a comprehensive but differentiated northern policy approach. The research also emphasizes the importance of including Indigenous Knowledge into any type of future northern infrastructure development strategy. A School of Public Policy Publications paper based on this research is forthcoming in early 2022.